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[137] At least 37 countries have banned or restricted the sale of cosmetics with ingredients tested on animals, including nations in the European Union. 13 Pros And Cons of Animal Testing Pros of Animal Testing. It contributes to cures and treatments that save human lives. [15] Technological advancements in 3D printing allow the possibility for tissue bioprinting: a French company is working to bioprint a liver that can test the toxicity of a drug. Generally, testing protocols are often painful to the animal test subjects, where they are deprived of food and water, force-fed, physically restrained in long periods, inflicted with pain and wounds to test for healing process effects and remedies, and even purposely killed as part of the process. Animal testing taken here to mean the use of animals in research for the purpose of furthering human concerns such as drug efficacy and the safety of products such as cosmetics is an endeavor fraught with controversy and difficult ethical arguments. There are many opinions about the pros and cons of using animals in scientific research. Animal testing is absolutely essential because it would be scientifically, medically, ethically, morally, and legally indefensible to give a human … For example, insulin was discovered through a test where dogs had their pancreases removed. The use of animals for research goes back to Greek and Roman times. Animal Experimentation Pros and Cons Essay examples 1885 Words | 8 Pages. Read the overview below to gain a balanced understanding of the issue and explore the previews of opinion articles that highlight many perspectives on animal testing. [138] In the US, California became the first state to make it illegal to sell most cosmetics that underwent animal testing. Studying cell cultures in a petri dish, while sometimes useful, does not provide the opportunity to study interrelated processes occurring in the central nervous system, endocrine system, and immune system. Saving valuable human lives: When a new chemical or substance is found to affect body physiology, it is first evaluated on animals. To come up with a well-informed opinion, let us take a look at the pros and cons of animal experimentation. Share on Facebook. Orders: 20 16 students ordered this very topic and got original papers. The Pros And Cons Of Animal Testing 713 Words | 3 Pages. From 3 hours. Biomedical animal experimentation … Animal experimentation is often considered as much of a sine qua non to research as the Bunsen burner. Let’s see the benefits and problems of the use of animals separately. Animal Experimentation Aside from agony and a shortened life, do animals get any benefit from being used for biomedical research? This is the reason of the American Veterinary Medical Association to endorse this practice. [23], In addition to local and state laws and guidelines, animal research has been regulated by the federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA) since 1966. Animal Experimentation. It contributes to cures and treatments that save human lives. Proper citation depends on your preferred or required style manual. How to cite this page. There are alternatives to animal experimentation that are considered viable, such cell cultures in a petri dish and in vitro testing, which can even produce more relevant results than those from vivisection. Medical Advancement: The most obvious advantage of animal testing is for medical experimentation. And for testing adverse reactions, there is also the method called microdosing, where small doses are being administered on humans themselves. 6 Pros and Cons of Animal Testing for Medical Research. While many of you may argue about even considering the pros and cons of animal experimentation, you must be aware of the fact that in the past, and to this date, there are a lot of breakthroughs, especially in the world of medicine, that have been made by means of such tests. Russel and Burch introduced the three Rs principle in 1959 as a guide for animal experimentation. … Bioethics: a look at animal testing in medicine and cosmetics in the UK. 3. Who is the author? The California Biomedical Research Association released a statement saying almost every single medical breakthrough has resulted in the direct use of animals in the last 100 years. Some products and medicines that have the potential to harm animals are actually useful to humans, such as the aspirin. The California Biomedical Research Association released a statement saying almost every single medical breakthrough has resulted in the direct use of animals … But on the other side of the coin, critics are also pushing their reasons why the practice should not be continued, with animal suffering and ethical issues as their biggest concerns. Animal Research: The Pros And Cons Of Animal Testing 1262 Words | 6 Pages. Read the overview below to gain a balanced understanding of the issue and explore the previews of opinion articles that highlight many perspectives on animal testing. Animals are used in order to ensure the products are safe for the use of humans. Among others, it can help us to understand certain diseases and how to treat and cure them properly. To decide whether animal testing is beneficial or not, it is best that you start learning its positive sides first like the following:Treatments Developed Have Saved LivesAnimals are the most common subject of medical testing. Udemy Editor. [136] The market for cruelty-free cosmetics (products not tested on animals) is estimated to reach $10 billion by 2024. [18], When testing medicines for potential toxicity, the lives of human volunteers should not be put in danger unnecessarily. [19] The World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki states that human trials should be preceded by tests on animals. 22 Extensive Pros and Cons of Animal Testing. [15], Conditions such as blindness and high blood pressure cannot be studied in tissue cultures. List of Cons of Animal Testing on Cosmetics 1. [30], Research animals are cared for by veterinarians, husbandry specialists, and animal health technicians to ensure their well-being and more accurate findings. While there are painless trials, where animals are able to return to wherever they came from … Mostly they are used for science education, biomedical experimentations, cosmetic … Many Animals Not Protected. From antibiotics and insulin to blood transfusions and treatments for cancer or HIV, virtually every medical achievement in the past century has depended directly or indirectly on … A… (2019). Proponents of animal testing say that it has enabled the development of many life-saving treatments for both humans and animals, that there is no alternative method for researching a complete living organism, and that strict regulations prevent the mistreatment of animals in laboratories. It provides an ethical alternative solution to testing. 2. [105] Intravenous vitamin C has shown to be effective in treating sepsis in humans, but makes no difference to mice. Some of the tests that these animals are subjected to are … Those who support this legal practice say that it is for a good cause, implying that it is better to use animals than human beings for testing. There must be a middle ground to the rules of animal testing that would keep the animal from unnecessary suffering, but would allow the scientist to … As you can see, people and animals are biologically similar, having the same set of organs, central nervous system and bloodstream, which is why both are affected by virtually the same health conditions and diseases. [109][110] Animal tests on the arthritis drug Vioxx showed that it had a protective effect on the hearts of mice, yet the drug went on to cause more than 27,000 heart attacks and sudden cardiac deaths before being pulled from the market. Indeed, animal experimentation offers some benefits, where medical treatments have been developed through it, but it also comes with significant problems, with those related to ethics being the biggest, which need to be carefully addressed. [102], Unlike animals used for research, humans are able to give consent to be used in testing and are a viable option when the need arises. Replacement refers to the preferred use of non-animal methods whenever possible. Animal Testing Pros And Cons. Nurunnabi ASM 1, Afroz RD 2, Alam SN 3. Saving valuable human lives: When a new chemical or substance is found to affect body physiology, it is first evaluated on animals. Millions of animals are being used for experiments in the US each year. Animal Research in Medical Science: Pros and Cons. The same thing goes to using artificial human skin, where virtual reconstructions of human molecular structures are done through computer models. 1123 Words 4 Pages. [16] Artificial human skin, such as the commercially available products EpiDerm and ThinCert, can be made from sheets of human skin cells grown in test tubes or plastic wells and may produce more useful results than testing chemicals on animal skin. [130], © 2020 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. … Pros or Postives of Animal Testing 1. Here’s a look into the upside of animal testing. (There are ethical issues that arise from this, however.) The two main arguments regarding animal testing is that it is inhumane and abusive to animals, while others feel that because there are not enough willing people that companies need to learn and experiment somehow to better help the world, and thus turn to animals. Animal Experimentation Pros and Cons Essay examples 1885 Words | 8 Pages. 1. 1. 0. by Jordon Layne Dec 9, 2020. Offers adequate living through an entire body system test subject. Both of them make up 43% of the total expenditure for medical research. If we granted animals rights, all humans would have to become vegetarians, and hunting would need to be outlawed. [43] Manufacturers of products such as hand sanitizer and insect repellent, which can protect people from Zika, malaria, and West Nile Virus, test on animals to meet legal requirements for putting these products on the market. 0. The safety of products … The use of animals for research goes back to Greek and Roman times. [15][50][51], The Environmental Protection Agency is so confident in alternatives that the agency intends to reduce chemical testing on mammals 30% by 2025 and end it altogether by 2035. Recreational Marijuana – Should Recreational Marijuana Be Legal? Animal testing is when non-human animals are used in experiments. Tweet on Twitter. Animal Research and Experimentation Animal research began in the 1900’s and the practice is still in use today. The latest news and comment on animal experimentation July 2020 'It takes a toll': researchers struggle with lockdown cull of lab mice. [9] Even the most powerful supercomputers are unable to accurately simulate the workings of the human brain’s 100 billion interconnected nerve cells. The pros or advantages of human cloning include: Infertility: Infertile people or same-sex couples could have children made from cloned cells. Considering these facts, animals are being accepted as appropriate research subjects. For example, scientists use animal testing to determine the effectiveness and side effects of potentially new medicines to help decide if these medicines are safe for people. A Jan. 2020 report from the USDA showed that in one year of research, California used more cats (1,682) for testing than any other state. Sample details. Animal Testing Pros and Cons list. It causes death of animals. Pros and Cons; Advances; Medicinal Animal Experimentation: Pointless Cruelty or Necessary Evil . The pros and cons of animal testing were debated with both sides being able to produce solid reasons for their stands. Share on Facebook. [13][9] The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) endorses animal testing to develop safe drugs, vaccines, and medical devices. Social Media – Are Social Networking Sites Good for Our Society? While proponents believe that humans and animals are closely related in … Medical Marijuana – Should Marijuana Be a Medical Option? The Pros and Cons of Animal Testing Animal testing or animal experimentation is the process of using non-humans for the purpose of experimentation. [9][21], Animal testing has been instrumental in saving endangered species from extinction, including the black-footed ferret, the California condor and the tamarins of Brazil. Pros of Animal Experimentation The purpose of animal experimentations is for positive uses and the following are the advantages of using such experimentations: Finding out treatments and … In this article, the pros and cons … Rating: 4.6/5. [41] The US Food and Drug Administration endorses the use of animal tests on cosmetics to “assure the safety of a product or ingredient.” [42] China requires that most cosmetics be tested on animals before they go on sale, so cosmetics companies must have their products tested on animals if they want distribution in one of the largest markets in the world. [20], Vaccines tested on animals have saved millions of animals that would otherwise have died from rabies, distemper, feline leukemia, infectious hepatitis virus, tetanus, anthrax, and canine parvo virus. 1. Some of the most beneficial things that have come from medical testing on animals are Penici… It is performed despite the existence of less expensive alternatives. (2020, March 18). 3. For instance, to evaluate irritation caused by cosmetics, rabbit’s eyes are held open by clips for days, so they will not be able to blink while the products are being assessed. Jul 13, 2016. Medical research has also been carried out on animals, and successfully developed new and effective medical treatments. According to scientists, chimpanzee DNA is 99% similar with humans, while it is 98% for mice in terms of genetics. Abstract. ProCon.org is the institutional or organization author for all ProCon.org pages. 1. Helps researchers to find drugs and treatments: The major pro for animal testing is that it aids researchers in finding drugs and … Animal experimentation has clear and undeniable benefits to humankind; for example, the development of drugs to combat deadly diseases. "Animal Testing." Opponents of animal testing say that it is cruel and inhumane to experiment on animals, that alternative methods available to researchers can replace animal testing, and that animals are so different from human beings that research on animals often yields irrelevant results. This e… [9] All mammals, including humans, are descended from common ancestors, and all have the same set of organs (heart, kidneys, lungs, etc.) However, apart from many additional advantages of animal experimentation, there are also many problems related to it. Rachel Rubino, attending veterinarian and director of the animal facility at Cold Springs Harbor Laboratory, said, “Most people who work with research animals love those animals… We want to give them the best lives possible, treat them humanely.” [28] At Cedars-Sinai Medical Center’s animal research facility, dogs are given exercise breaks twice daily to socialize with their caretakers and other dogs, and a “toy rotation program” provides opportunities for play. Views: 1018. But animal protectionists reply that the importance of animals to research is overrated, and that their pressure has exposed profligacy among experimenters. And with the pros and cons listed above, we can surely come up with a considerable opinion about this subject matter. [134] Humane Society International found that animal tests were more expensive than in vitro (testing performed outside of living organisms) in every scenario studied. Ohio used the most guinea pigs (35,206), and Massachusetts used the most dogs (6,771) and primates (11,795). 1 decade ago. ], ProCon.org. Pros Include: 1. Relevance? Every coin has two sides, so does animal testing. 4. Last modified on March 18, 2020. 591 Accesses. While it is wrong to abuse animals, research must continue to learn more about curing diseases that are fatal to humans. Aside from this, animal experimentation helped keep some endangered species from becoming extinct. Death Penalty – Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed? Aspirin, for example, is dangerous for some animal species. Considering that human beings can live up to 80 years or more, scientists who are conducting tests would be dead before they can gather results. 16 Integral Pros and Cons of Animal Experimentation. [142] The COVID-19 (coronavirus) global pandemic demonstrated that researchers can skip animal testing and go straight to observing how vaccines work in humans. Animal studies have proven beneficial over … [144] Tal Zaks, chief medical officer at Moderna, said, “I don’t think proving this in an animal model is on the critical path to getting this to a clinical trial.” [145], Other research methods such as in vitro testing (tests done on human cells or tissue in a petri dish) offer opportunities to reduce or replace animal testing. List of Pros of Animal Experimentation. It uses animals that make poor test subjects. 4. The following passage will discuss both the pros and cons of animal experimentation, the alternatives to animal experimentation, and different methods of animal experimentation. While many of you may argue about even considering the pros and cons of animal experimentation, you must be aware of the fact that in the past, and to this date, there are a lot of breakthroughs, especially in the world of medicine, that have been made by means of such tests. PaulCyp. Some experiments also include the administration of lethal doses of certain chemicals to determine how much would kill animals. Animals are often used in experimentation of medical treatments and procedures, including testing levels of toxicity in medications, are … Animals have a right to lead a life free from pain, without being abused by humans. Animal Testing – Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing? If the chosen experiment fails, you can still have a barbecue. Mar 31, 2015. Similar Posts: 23 Main Pros and Cons of Stem Cell Research  25 Pros and Cons of Dry Animal Food; 18 Pros and Cons of Eating Organic Food; 18+ Main Pros and Cons of GMO; 13 Main Pros And Cons … Animal Testing. We have experts for any subject. Illegal Immigration – What Are the Solutions to Illegal Immigration in America? A survey conducted in the American Medical Association, indicates that 99% of all active physicians in the United States, believe that animal research has given rise to medical advancements. [10][11][12][13], Scientists racing to develop a vaccine for coronavirus during the 2020 global pandemic need to test on genetically modified mice to ensure that the vaccine doesn’t make the virus worse. The majority of the medical breakthroughs … Pros and Cons of Animal Testing. [133] [119] Nikolai Petrovsky, professor in the College of Medicine and Public Health at Flinders University in Australia, said testing a coronavirus vaccine on animals is “absolutely essential” and skipping that step would be “fraught with difficulty and danger.” [133], Researchers have to test extensively to prevent “vaccine enhancement,” a situation in which a vaccine actually makes the disease worse in some people. Human Cloning Pros and Cons. It tells all about the negative details of animal testing and the harming to the animals, but it doesn’t include the benefits of animal testing. [143], Because the company didn’t take the traditional path of isolating live samples of a virus, it was able to fast-track the development process. As well as stipulating minimum housing standards for research animals (enclosure size, temperature, access to clean food and water, and others), the AWA also requires regular inspections by veterinarians. This raises very serious red flags for lots of animal rights groups and activists who believe animals … On the other hand, laboratory animals, particularly rats, can only live for 2 to 3 years, which give researchers the opportunity to study the effects of treatments and genetic manipulation over an entire lifetime. [5] Later tests on pregnant mice, rats, guinea pigs, cats, and hamsters did not result in birth defects unless the drug was administered at extremely high doses. In fact, there is a high rate of failure when it comes to animal testing. 1. Animal testing is a worldwide discussion and is always a topic for debate. Topics: Animal Testing Essay; … Animal testing is a process that has been going on for centuries for numerous reasons, such as developing medical treatments, determining the toxicity of certain medications, confirming the safety of a product designed for humans, and other health care uses. [55][56], Some chemicals that are ineffective on (or harmful to) animals prove valuable when used by humans. Show More. There are some advantages to animal experimentation. Animal Experimentation. 10 1907 11 by hunting Fishing and pest control also involve the killing of animals, but these are not counted Since 2014, animals used … Eid essay in hindi wikipedia essay on why you are applying for a scholarship: urdu essay ek dilchasp safar what are the different types of essays: raksha bandhan essay in odia language, roof top rain water harvesting essay Animal essay cons pros experimentation and essays on how to write a narrative essay on water rafting life of pi personal essay essay on threats to mankind … Animal testing … [127] Fk-506 (tacrolimus), used to lower the risk of organ transplant rejection, was “almost shelved” because of animal test results, according to neurologist Aysha Akhtar. 1 decade ago. Let’s see some of these animal testing pros that makes proponents of animal experimentation argue for use of animals in research. Can you believe … The main reason behind this is the fact that scientists … The theory of evolution has beenused in arguments regarding animalexperimentation. that function in essentially the same way with the help of a bloodstream and central nervous system. Share this article . Both basic research and translational and applied research are interconnected. It provides benefits to the animals themselves. Also Study: Animals in Scientific Experimentation and Alternatives. The US National Institutes of Health announced it would retire its remaining 50 research chimpanzees to the Federal Chimpanzee Sanctuary System in 2015, leaving Gabon as the only country to still experiment on chimps. In the end, taking the pros and cons into consideration, animal testing highlights the … One company working on a COVID-19 vaccine, Moderna Therapeutics, worked on developing a vaccine using new technology: instead of being based on a weakened form of the virus, it was developed using a synthetic copy of the COVID-19 genetic code. [107] [129] [130] Humane Research Australia (HRA) reports that many discoveries made by non-animal methods were later verified by animal experiments, “giving false credit” to animal use. 139 writers online. Tweet on Twitter. [68], Devoting enough money and resources to animal-free alternatives could result in the same medical advances achieved through animal testing. List of Pros of Animal Experimentation. To prevent unfavorable consequences, animal testing is done to precede human trials. [57] According to neurologist Aysha Akhtar, MD, MPH, over 100 stroke drugs that were effective when tested on animals have failed in humans, and over 85 HIV vaccines failed in humans after working well in non-human primates. Animals are used to develop medical treatments, determine the toxicity of medications, check the safety of products destined for human use, and other biomedical, commercial, and health care uses. Animal Testing Pros And Cons. The first pro to animal testing is that it has helped us create lifesaving cures and treatments. Or we can use human pigment-producing cells — melanocytes — to create a pigmented skin model that is similar to human skin from different ethnicities. [33][34], A poll of 3,748 scientists by the Pew Research Center found that 89% favored the use of animals in scientific research. [132], Chimpanzees share 99% of their DNA with humans, and mice are 98% genetically similar to humans. Here are the proper bibliographic citations for this page according to four style manuals (in alphabetical order): [Editor's Note: The APA citation style requires double spacing within entries. [17] Because animals and humans are so biologically similar, they are susceptible to many of the same conditions and illnesses, including heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. Animal Testing Pros and Cons list. Pros of Animal Research “We have all benefited immensely from scientific research involving animals. [32], Animals do not have the cognitive ability or moral judgment that humans do and because of this they have been treated differently than humans by nearly every culture throughout recorded history. If it does, then it can be tested on humans with a lower risk of a negative outcome. It uses cruel and inhumane treatment. This includes new drugs as well as possible cures for many different medical problems. Animal testing pros and cons background The debate about animal testing has been raging for decades. [29][9] Mice and rats are particularly well-suited to long-term cancer research, partly because of their short lifespans. It uses animals, which many people believe to be poor test subjects. Retrieved from https://animal-testing.procon.org/, ProCon.org. Animal Experimentation : The Pros And Cons Of Animal Rights 999 Words | 4 Pages. The main pro for animal testing is that it helps researchers find treatments to improve medicine... Cons of … … Pros of Animal Testing Experiments can take place to determine if a product or idea will work as intended. As only over 1 million animals are covered by the AWA as of 2010, around 25 million more are left unprotected from abuse and mistreatment. 5. Accessed January 23, 2021. https://animal-testing.procon.org/, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2016 Presidential Candidates’ Positions on Physician-Assisted Suicide, Number of Animals Used for Testing, by Species. Advancements in medicine help people, animals, and even plants. Treatments for animals developed using animal testing also include pacemakers for heart disease and remedies for glaucoma and hip dysplasia. The definition of animal testing is the procedures that involve living animals for the purpose of research. Gun Control – Should More Gun Control Laws Be Enacted? There are countries that already have banned animal testing… Show More. Researchers, doctors, scientists, and pharmacists are all working around the clock to come up with vaccines, medications, and cures for the diseases and illnesses present in our world today. 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