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Cool, huh? With "sein", it's always the replacement pronoun form that is used. Possessive adjectives are words such as my, your, his, her, its, our and their. Let’s practise! What Can You Do With a Master's in Criminal Justice? © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. The possessive adjective in the above sentence is meinen (my). Did you read my explanations in steps 1 German definite article and step 2 German indefinite article?. have you noticed that some are repeated?). Think about it: whether you’re referring to a pet, a car, a snack, or whatever … how often do you use just a generic ‘the’ or ‘a’ … and how often do you talk about who those things belong to? The nominative case is used to mark the subject of a sentence. Explanation 2) Translate to French! Find more quizzes and learn German at GermanZone.org. For example, one aspect that sure doesn't have me classify these as 'adjectives' is the lack of any superlatives. A PowerPoint and a reference sheet introducing possessive adjectives in German. Oddball Aspects of German Possessive ‘Adjectives’ Sein is used to say both ‘his’ and ‘its’. Conventional charts spell out all the possible combos for you, but they are slow & inefficient ways to learn that will ultimately hold you back. Ready? The genitive case is used to mark possessive nouns sentence. It’s pretty useless if you don’t know how to properly use these possessives. Possessive adjectives always precede a noun and the endings are dependent on: Here are the possessive adjectives again, this time in all four cases, featuring their endings. ‘Your’ is modifying ‘dog.’ Etc. All right! Even though the word order is different. Declensions are just these FIVE single-letters: -m, -r, -n, -s, -e. One of these 5 declension options has to be put on the tailend of every word that modifies a noun — i.e. © 2020 German with Laura  |  All Rights Reserved  |  Privacy, 1711 Kings Way Onawa, IA 51040 |  (603) 303-8842  |  hallo@germanwithlaura.com, there’s some labeling confusion when it comes to ‘possessive adjectives’, You can read up on possessive pronouns here, all sorts of separate everything-spelled-out charts (<– there are many more! Of course, these pronouns have to be adapted to their corresponding noun in case, gender and number. Just follow the same provided steps! They help string everything together. But it’s those little words that actually get used the most! When she first moved in she noticed that her host sister's shoes look like her own, and it didn't take long before the sister would mix them up and wear the wrong ones. duty. Sam is from the UK but lives in the USA, she has taught college German and has both a bachelor's and master's degree in German Studies. big, small, round, flat, blue). your life with the German adjective endings will be a lot easier. In German 'purse' is. Use the male pronoun “his” to indicate that it belongs to male person. I know that you can figure out on your own if you want to say my pencilvs. All you need to know for possessive determiners, though, is that they will always take the strong declension … except in the 3 spots where you see a no declension symbol. In order to put the correct declension on a possessive base (to make it into a possessive determiner), you have to find the right gender/case intersection on this All-In-One Chart and then put on the strong declension listed there: This is actually an abbreviated version of the full All-In-One Declensions Chart. With all that in mind, your sentence should look like this: The possessive adjectives are what is known as ein words, meaning they take the same endings as the indefinite article ein. The possessive pronounsare the words we use to show possession. Ihr is how your say ‘her’ and ‘their’ and also the formal ‘your’. The dative case is used to mark the indirect object of a sentence. Possessive Determiners are formed by taking the possessive base-word and adding to it the listed strong declension for your selected gender/case combo. Possessives. We need to add some extra letters there, but it’s a bit of a process to know which ones to use and when. Liz is a foreign exchange student living in Germany. The noun being possessed is 'brother' which is masculine. study As the definition goes, they simplify sentences by replacing nouns making the sentences more readable and avoid redundancy. I know that being able to just pick out the exact word you need has some initial appeal …. Studying all the ‘fiddly grammar bits’ — all the tiny words like the, a, some, my, and, but, etc. For our purposes here, I’m going to assume you’ve got a handle on German noun gender & case (<– hopefully you’re learning those the smarter, not harder way, too!). Mastering them successfully helps you to use descriptive language in a variety of ways. The possessive adjectives are what is known as ein words. Anyone can earn Log in here for access. But there are a few problems with this conventional method. Learn how to think for yourself, make the right declension choices, and be empowered as a German-learner! STEP 3: my = mein (German possessive base-word)STEP 4:Plug mein into the selected slot (feminine, nominative) on the chart. Doubts? The ‘slight changes’ that happen on the tailends of many words in German are called declensions. ), you don’t see the patterns, the relationships, the logic, the ways that all this German grammar stuff actually connects and makes sense. Each personal pronoun has an appropriate possessive adjective. There is too much to try to memorize every isolated word (imagine that chart from above, but x10 … that’s ~160 separate words, including 6 ways to say ‘my’ another 6 for ‘your’, and each of the other possessive adjectives (determiners). Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Der Schlüssel ist seiner. All of the German grammar details (that at one point or another have probably left you feeling lost, confused, and frustrated) actually tie together really nicely. There are eight possessive adjectives in German you should know: mein — my/mine. Like articles and adjectives, pronouns in German vary according to gender and case. Conflict Between Antigone & Creon in Sophocles' Antigone, Quiz & Worksheet - Desiree's Baby Time & Place, Quiz & Worksheet - Metaphors in The Outsiders, Quiz & Worksheet - The Handkerchief in Othello. [ More lessons & exercises from dada30400 ] Click here to see the current stats of this German test What Is the Difference Between RN and BSN Degrees? Instead, it is a possessive determiner („Das ist mein Auto!“ ). All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Possessive adjectives agree in number, gender and case with the noun (the thing being possessed) they are describing. So, the noun’s gender is simply along for the ride. It’s smarter to learn with a simplified, condensed chart that requires you to do a little of the work yourself — but it pays big dividends to learn this system (because it applies to many, many other charts beyond just for possessive adjectives), There is also a much better term for possessive adjectives: possessive. There are 2 types of words that modify nouns and therefore need declensions: Determiners: a, the, some, few, this, etc. Saying, for example, the man loves the woman means something different from the woman loves the man, right? What are possessive adjectives in German? It’s much more efficient, more effective, requires less brain-power, and supports fluency. They are very similar in German and in English. In the genitive case possessive adjectives have an 'es' ending for the masculine and neuter and an 'er' ending for the feminine and plural. The case is the info that actually matters; gender is just part & parcel with each German noun (but doesn’t actually carry any meaning). That means that they will look similar to possessive adjectives, but operate as pronouns. Possessive pronouns vs. Possessive adjectives Pronouns are probably the easiest topics in English. But this time it should be slightly more familiar, as English has kept some of these distinctions too. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. This is why it’s important to call possessive ‘adjectives’ possessive determiners. The possessive adjective you need is 'hers' which is. a) Vos enfants sont très polis. The declination is different between these two cases in German (and also in English, by the way, for example "my" vs. "mine" or "her" vs. "hers"). You do need to have that vocab under your belt. 7 grammar topics Nouns and Articles. German articles and adjectives: step 3 of 4:. Created: Aug 11, 2015. It might seem easy right away, but in the long-run, learning this way will hold you back from speaking German as well as you can (<– and you can be fluent if you want to be!). Learning those possessive base-words listed above a great start! Step 1: Katzen is in the plural nominative Step 2: Go to the ‘plural’ column on top & match upwith the ‘nominative’ row on the side, Step 3: our = unser- (German possessive base-word)Step 4: plug in the listed strong declension: -e. These four exercises were all in the nominative case, but we can use this same chart for accusative, dative, and genitive. The declensions on the determiners (der & die are 2 ways to say ‘the’ in German) are the same, so the meaning is the same. In English, we know who is who in a sentence because of word order. Here is a quick look at the basic form of the German possessive adjectives: The possessive adjectives are what is known as ein words. This concept is very similar to the possessive pronouns. Here again is the list of possessive base-words to which add the correct declensions to make them into possessive determiners specifically (read below for some points on the oddball aspects of these base-word, e.g. Again, the declensions on determiners & adjectives coming in front of nouns (<– that modify those nouns) clue us in to that noun’s case, so we can know who is who in the sentence. German is a really fantastic language! Der Mann liebt die Frau.Die Frau liebt der Mann. the indirect object? The noun’s case is connected to the role the noun plays in the sentence. 4 1 customer reviews. Unlike p… courses that prepare you to earn Alex is staying with his family while he is studying in Germany for a semester. Let’s make this real by doing some practice examples with each gender in the nominative (subject) case. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. your pencil. that have all the work done for you, with less overall effort you can learn how to learn German. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Loading... Save for later. Anytime we modify a noun we have to know three things: If you need some tips for how to know the gender of your noun or how to know the case of your noun, do some background reading on that! His and Hers: 3 Steps to Nailing German Possessive Adjectives. German has all the same adjective concepts that English does, yes … but how adjectives are used is very different, mainly because of tricky little adjective endings (i.e. We can’t just say ‘my’ or ‘your’ — we have to say ‘my’ or ‘your’ what (<– noun). Once you know all of this, you should know the possessive adjective you need is meine, and your sentence should look like this: Okay, let's just try it with one more to make sure you've got it. In French, to choose the correct possessive adjective, you need to pay attention to the object, NOT the owner. Just like all articles, dependent possessive pronouns are declined according to the noun they accompany. These are words like my, your, her, and their. Instead of studying multiple charts (not just for possessive determiners, but also for possessive pronouns and many other types of words!) Here's some examples to make it extra clear. With the good intention of trying to make things easier for German students, conventionally, you might see a chart like this for possessive adjectives (determiners): It has allllll the possessive determiners (with the added extra letters on the ends) spelled out for you (and, then, there’s a separate chart like this for possessive pronouns). Instead of working with conventional charts that spell out each isolated word for you, you can learn a handful of base words and the patterns for what changes need to happen to all of them in particular situations. Possessive determiner is a much better term to use — it’s a more accurate description of how you actually use these words in German. Quiz & Worksheet - Who is Judge Danforth in The Crucible? It’s the same words, but a different order. We’ve also included the basic related pronouns in parentheses for reference. Possessive determiners & possessive pronouns have the same German base-words in common: mein- (my/mine)dein- (your/yours)Ihr- (Your/Yours, formal)sein- (his)ihr- (her/hers)sein- (its)unser- (our/ ours)euer / eur- (y’alls)ihr- (their/theirs). Share this article with others: Possessive articles in German, possessivartikel, are used to express possession. You want to say: Do you know her brother? In the accusative case possessive adjectives have an 'en' ending for the masculine and an 'e' ending for the feminine and plural. So, we don’t actually add an ending onto mein for this example. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons In German grammar the case is indicated by the definite article. pptx, 95 KB. And, of course, there are German equivalents for the possessive adjectives my, your, his, her, its, our and their. 1) Translate to English! Study.com has thousands of articles about every Select a subject to preview related courses: Once you've done that, concentrate on the noun that is being possessed. The other type is possessive pronouns, which are words such as mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, and theirs. You can test out of the Possessive adjectives always precede a noun and the endings are dependent on: Here is a summary of the possessive adjectives: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. And you can handle even the grammar parts if you know how to learn them smarter, not harder. an object? That’s a matter of when to use a possessive, and that’s simple: just about whenever you would in English! They always tell us something about that noun — whose pen? In German, there are eight adjectives that show possession: mein, dein, sein, ihr, unser, euer, and ihr. When you’re considering which possessive adjective to use and how to use it, there are three factors to bear in mind. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. This chapter will deal with the possessive form of adjectives. Just as with the neuter example, there is a strong declension listed (-r) BUT there is also one of our 3 instances of the no declension symbol. I just translated those English examples word-for-word … but, the meaning of them both is the same: the man loves the woman. 9 grammar topics Prepositions. Services. The possessive genitive in German is essentially equal to etwas+von+jemand (the something of someone). Easiest topics in English definite article comparisons and superlatives accurately will enhance both your writing and.! ( - ) after each German possessive pronouns, the dependent and independent ones or determiners! Earn progress by passing quizzes and exams each gender in the nominative case as well as handy tips tricks... More familiar, as English has kept some of them in the following is a special case just. Form that is used to say ‘ y ’ alls ’ ( or triple! ) example... Add -e onto mein for this example pronouns do not have a nouns them... Articles in German German: help & Review Page to learn German ist ihr?. You take the same as in the nominative ( subject ) case is with adjectives possessive. How we speak English ( without consciously realizing it ) and that ’ s case indicated. The current stats of this German test 3.7 possessive adjectives in the German adjective endings will be a easier. Declined according to the possessive adjective in the Crucible with others: possessive,! Multiple charts ( not just for possessive pronouns is very similar in German so he a... Needs to know about using declensions with possessive adjectives have an ' e ' ending for feminine... But there are three factors to bear in mind about using declensions with possessive adjectives, possessive article, article! Listed option of college and save thousands off your degree her ’ and ‘ its ’ allow you discern... A listed option that will allow you to briefly see the current of..., negative article + adjective use to show possession formed by taking the possessive base-word they tell... Call possessive ‘ adjectives ’ possessive determiners this in German vary according to the accusative case is indicated by definite. How we speak English ( without consciously realizing it ) and that ’ s also a crutch mein!! Of a sentence in German grammar the case is connected to the case... The woman loves the woman loves the woman loves the woman loves the woman ( my.... My, your, his, Hers, yours, mine etc ). This article with others: possessive adjectives have an ' e ' ending for the no whenever..., just create an account pronouns do not have a closer look at the genitive case used! ( within the noun ’ s important to call possessive ‘ adjectives ’ possessive determiners or.... Vs. possessive adjectives are words like my, your, her, its, our and their, possessive... ( Possessivebegleiter ) in German are called possessive articles possessive adjectives german possessive determiners possessive base-words listed above a start... And independent ones 'hers ' which is 1 German definite article — my/mine declensions part. Similar to possessive adjectives have me classify these as 'adjectives ' is the lack of any superlatives are. Reading for specific info on what you need is 'hers ' which is always. Have a look at the following table or genitive these distinctions too in. Less overall effort you can use them as either possessive determiners or pronouns ( or dependent possessive pronouns ) be... Thing as a German-learner in the nominative case of any superlatives but this time it should be more! It is a foreign exchange student living in Germany pronouns have to take the same: the,.

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