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So the NADH to NAD ratio and the NAD pH to NADP plus ratio are things that are having real consequences as ratios and biochemistry that are dictating what's going on in our body. First of all, NADPH and NADP is a energy molecule used in plant cellular respiration, not used in humans. NADP stands for Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate and NADPH is reduced form of NADP+. This NADP is the most abundant co-enzymes inside the cell. Moreover, many recent studies have suggested novel paradigms of NAD and NADP metabolism. NADPH gives how many ATP? This same balance occurs between NADP+ and NADPH. NADH and FADH2 are molecules created in glycolysis and the Kreb cycle. In order for NADP+ to transform into NADPH, the former requires two electrons and two hydrogen ions. Proccessing one glucose molecule through these cycles has a yield of 3 NADH and 2 FADH2. NADPH is the reduced form of NADP+, meaning that the latter features an extra hydrogen ion in its chemical structure. It has lost one electron B. It has gained one electron C. It has gained one proton D. It has lost one proton The main difference between NADH and NADPH is that NADH is used in cellular respiration while during the glycolysis and Krebs cycle to produce ATP via oxidative phosphorylation, whereas, NADPH is used in photosynthesis while during the Calvin cycle to assimilate Carbon dioxide. NADPH is a reduced form of NADP+, having accepted a proton. Future investigation into the metabolism and biological functions of NAD and NADP may expose fundamental properties of life, and suggest new strategies for treating diseases and slowing the aging process. a. NAD+ functions as a free-energy source for cells, whereas NADP does not b. both transport electrons to the electron transport chain found on the inner mitochondrial membrane, but NADP transfers its electrons to the ETC at a higher energy level. How is NADPH different from NADP ? It is recommended to store NADPH tetrasodium salt desiccated at –20 °C protected from light. NADP is Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. | Masterjohn Q&A Files #179 from Mastering Nutrition on Podchaser, aired Wednesday, 13th January 2021. NADPH is the reduced state of NADP. Question: What’s the difference between the NADH/NAD+ and the NADPH/NADH ratios? However, the main structural difference between NADP and NAD is the presence of an additional phosphate group in the NADP on the 2′ … That depends on the production site. The NAD pH to NADH ratio is physiologically irrelevant, but … A. Cytoplasmic NADPH yields 2 ATPs whereas in the mitochondria it produces 3 ATP molecules. Electrons of NADH can store energy which gets converted into ATP in the mitochondria during a process called „oxidative phosphorylation“. 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