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Featuring the Church Fathers, Catholic Encyclopedia, Summa Theologica and more. The council did not read the letter nor did it pay any attention to the protests of Leo's legates but deposed Flavian and Eusebius of Dorylaeum, who appealed to Rome. Johann Peter Kirsch sees this commission as a proof of the confidence placed in the able deacon by the Imperial Court. The Tome of Leo was a central document debated during the Council, and was eventually accepted as doctrinal. He was an Italian aristocrat, and was the first pope to have been called "the Great". From Pope Leo the Great’s Sermon on the Passion (8): O ur understanding, which is enlightened by the Spirit of truth, should receive with purity and freedom of heart the glory of the cross as it shines in heaven and on earth. 1 and 2/1, Westminster ML 1988/1987 (2nd revised edition). The Pope and members of his clergy, went to meet the invader to implore him to desist. A Pope of firsts. In 452, by the persuasive power of his words, he stopped Attila the Hun from pillaging Italy. J. St. Leo IX, original name Bruno, Graf (count) von Egisheim und Dagsburg, (born June 21, 1002, Egisheim, Alsace, Upper Lorraine [now Eguisheim, France]—died April 19, 1054, Rome [Italy]; feast day April 19), head of the medieval Latin church (1049–54), during whose reign the papacy became the focal point of western Europe and the great East-West Schism of 1054 became inevitable. Pope Benedict XVI said that Leo's papacy "was undoubtedly one of the most important in the Church's history." )", Acts of the Council, Session II (continued). For the emperor, see, Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana), p. 107, Pope Benedict XVI, "Saint Leo the Great", General Audience, 5 March 2008, Libreria Editrice Vaticana. To Leo the Great, Mariology is determined by Christology. Most ancient and medieval historians celebrated Leo's actions, giving him all the credit for this successful embassy. Pope Benedict XVI said that Leo's papacy "was undoubtedly one of the most important in the Church's history. At the Council of Chalcedon, at which 630 bishops were present, a letter of Leo to the deceased St. Flavian, Patriarch of Constantinople (447-449), was read. Because of the earlier line of division between the western and eastern parts of the Roman Empire, Illyria was ecclesiastically subject to Rome. Only his divinity would have been crucified, buried and resurrected. This page has been accessed 54,273 times. An appeal from Chelidonius of Besançon gave Leo the opportunity to assert the pope's authority over Hilary, who defended himself stoutly at Rome, refusing to recognize Leo's judicial status. In 455, Leo confronted the Vandal leader Genseric during an attack on Rome, and obtained a guarantee of safety for many of his people and the churches where they were hiding. He became a deacon and occupied a important position with St. Cyril of Alexandria. [14], Besides recourse to biblical language, Leo also described his own special relationship with Peter in terms derived from Roman law. [16] Paul the Deacon, in the late 8th century, relates that an enormously huge man dressed in priestly robes and armed with a sword, visible only to Attila, threatened him and his army with death during his discourse with Leo, and this prompted Attila to submit to his request.[17]. In his In Nativitate Domini, Christmas Day, sermon, "Christian, remember your dignity", Leo articulates a fundamental dignity common to all Christians, whether saints or sinners, and the consequent obligation to live up to it: Our Saviour, dearly-beloved, was born today: let us be glad. Leo I (c. 400 – 10 November 461), also known as Leo the Great, was Bishop of Rome from 29 September 440 until his death. Those of us who are orthodox thus believe. Recollect that thou wert rescued from the power of darkness and brought out into God’s light and kingdom. Mary would only be the mother of God, and Christians would have no hope for their own resurrection. There is for all one common measure of joy, because as our Lord the destroyer of sin and death finds none free from charge, so is He come to free us all. Let us put off then the old man with his deeds: and having obtained a share in the birth of Christ let us renounce the works of the flesh. Not much is known of St. Leo I’s life before his pontificate, but we know he was a deacon of the Church in Rome and was sent on a diplomatic mission to Gaul (modern-day France). [4], Soon after assuming the papal throne Leo learned that in Aquileia, Pelagians were received into church communion without formal repudiation of their errors; he censured this practice and directed that a provincial synod be held where such former Pelagians be required make an unequivocal abjuration. 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