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It’s the Goldilocks of tortoises needing water that isn’t too hot but isn’t too cold to survive. Hatchlings emerge early the following winter. Perth’s western swamp tortoises was probably always a rare species, but habitat loss and climate change are presenting new challenges. The Western Swamp Tortoise is the most endangered tortoise or turtle species on Earth. It’s Australia’s smallest freshwater tortoise, measuring 11-13cm from nose to tail when fully grown, and it lives in swamps that only fill with water in winter and spring, the period Perth traditionally gets its rainfall. OBJECTIVE: To review the present position of the western swamp tortoise (Pseudemydura umbrina) as an endangered species and significant health issues affecting efforts to save it from extinction. The 24 critically endangered western swamp tortoises were moved from remote wetlands in regional Perth, to Meerup, 360km south of Perth, and Moore river national park, 130km north of Perth. Conservation of the Western Swamp Tortoise Janet Durrant, Semester 2, 2013 2. At the end of 2003 Team membership was: It’s the Rip Van Winkle of reptiles in that it seemed to vanish from sight for over 100 years during which time it was thought extinct – but then it was rediscovered. These tortoises were feared extinct for more than 100 years, but were rediscovered in 1953. 3. It is listed under the Western Australian Wildlife Conservation Act 1950, the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and the United Nations Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) as a critically endangered … The Western Swamp Tortoise is listed as critically endangered under both the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), and the Australian Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. 1. School of Biological Sciences The School of Biological Sciences is advancing our understanding of the Earth’s living organisms and creating sustainable futures through conservation. Western Australian Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 . 2. 73 Western Swamp Tortoises aged between two and four were released into protected wetlands. Western Swamp Tortoises produce only one clutch per year when 3-5 hard-shelled eggs are laid in an underground nest in November or early December. And it’s the Houdini of endangered wildlife … Conservation status . Western Swamp Tortoise Pseudemydura umbrina Conservation Status: Critically Endangered Identification The western swamp tortoise Pseudomydura umbrina is Australias rarest reptile, found only in a small number of swamps near Perth in Western Australia. What are the key biological attributes of the Western Swamp Tortoise and where is the species found? It grew from the very successful Western Swamp Tortoise Captive Breeding Management Committee, which was set up in 1987 and which was a runner-up for the IBM 1990 Conservation Award. Technology, the Western Australian Water Corporation, the World Wide Fund for Nature Australia, the Friends of the Western Swamp Tortoise and several companies, conservation groups and schools. Inquiry Questions 1. The Western Swamp Tortoise (Pseudemydura umbrina) is Australia’s most endangered reptile. As its name suggests, the western swamp tortoise lives out west, on the Swan Coastal Plain around Perth (Western Australia). What factors have led to the Western Swamp Tortoise becoming an endangered species? PROCEDURE: A retrospective analysis of the husbandry, hospital and pathology records of the western swamp tortoise captive breeding program at Perth Zoo. They are Australia’s smallest tortoise (10-15cm) and inhabit ephemeral swamps. ... of the tortoise. Western Swamp Tortoise – The Problem 3. 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