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The literature on spirituality and Eastern religious practices is extensive. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse [Online], 3. Another study that looked at the relationship between religion and immune function, analyzed a sample of women with metastatic breast cancer (Sephton, Koopman, Schaal, Thorensen & Spiegel, 2001). Hormones and Behavior, 10, 54-60. However, a methodological issue of the last three studies is that they did not make use of randomization, relying on data from groups of individuals that had already practiced or not meditation (Seeman et al., 2003). Depressive symptoms and other psychosocial factors as predictors of stroke in the elderly. In this blog, Dr Sima Barmania reflects on her research, published in BMC Public Health, which examines the relationship between public health policy and faith in Malaysia. (1992). Both practices can have an incredible impact on mental health. 30 (1991), pp. In an exploration to better understand the role that spirituality and religion play in health and care, a few key themes appeared across the various disciplines. Research on this topic provides evidence for the protective role of religion against cardiovascular disease (Powell, Shahabi & Thorensen, 2003). One other study analyzed levels of cortisol, β-endorphin and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in two groups: one of practitioners of transcendental meditation and another of non-practitioners (Infante et al., 1998). McCullough, M.E., Hoyt, W.T., Larson, D.B., Koenig, H.G. (1998). Levels of lipid peroxide were measured in elderly adults, some of whom were long-term practitioners of transcendental meditation and others who were not. Steffen, P.R., Hinderliter, A.L., Blumenthal, J.A. Al-Kandari, Y.Y. It affirmed Rather, its aim was to understand the relative importance of religious beliefs and practices in protecting the health of people of religious faith and, hence, the need to Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17, 2803-2810. Patel, C., Marmot, M.G., Terry, D.J., Carruthers, M., Hunt, B. Physiology and Behavior, 64, 311-315. Adrenocortical activity during meditation. Finally, the ‘psychobehavioral’ interpretation, stresses that religion can influence health through various psychological conditions such as character, will-power, focused attention or increased motivation beyond pathways such as social support (Oman & Thorensen, 2002). Asgary, S., Aghaei, F., Naderi, G.A., Kelishadi, R., Gharipour, M. & Azali, S. (2000). Influence of religion, religiosity and spirituality on positive mental health of young people Nima. The most documented relationship is the influence of meditation on blood pressure (Patel et al., 1985; Sudsuang, Chentanez & Veluvan, 1991; Schneider et al., 1995; Schmidt, Wijga, Von Zur Muhlen, Brabant & Wagner, 1997). Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 1, 263-283. Not in our name should any person be denied their human rights.” The call highlighted the hurt that comes when violations of human rights occur in the name of religion, culture, or tradition. (1992). In particular they should consider differences in disease prevalence, possible cultural influences on health, access to and uptake of health … Pesut, B., Fowler, M., Taylor, E.J., Reimer-Kirkham, S. & Sawatzky, R. (2008). Koenig, H.G., George, L.K., Hays, J.C., Larson, D.B., Cohen, H.J. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 28, 189-213. Another study that looked at this relationship evaluated a large, representative sample of Muslims (both Sunni and Shiite) from Kuwait (Al-Kandari, 2003). Religiosity/Spirituality and health: A critical review of the evidence for biological pathways. Kenneth I. Pargament, PhD, is a leading expert in the psychology of religion and spirituality. Sephton, S.E., Koopman, C., Schaal, M., Thorensen, C.E. 16, No. McCullough, M.E., Friedman, H.S., Enders, C.K. Yet, it is associated with poor mental and behavioral health as well as lower wellbeing and negative relational strategies. Thai people depend very little on physicians. The relationship between religion and health has been a subject of interest in the past and in the latest years becoming increasingly visible in the social, behavioral, and health sciences. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 45,198-213. Scheider, R.H., Staggers, F., Alexander, C.N., Sheppard, W., Rainforth, M., Kondwani, K., et al. Chapters in Part I describe religious practices of ordinary people in the world’s faith traditions that provide daily, weekly, annual, and life course streams of influence on the body, mind, and spirit. Finally, Koenig et al. Attendance at religious services and mortality in a national sample. The first two articles compare Orthodox adult Jews with secular individuals, and found that the former had lower total cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL cholesterol levels (Friedlander, Kark, Kaufmann & Stein, 1985) and the same differences between orthodox and secular adolescents (Friedlander, Kark & Stein, 1987). health care, nor should a child or an adolescent be denied knowledge of and care for her/his body. For the control group, the levels of cortisol did not change, while for the short-term practice of meditation, the levels decreased but not significantly. The second, groundbreaking study analyzed the impact of Greek Orthodox Christian fasting on lipoproteins (Sarri et al., 2003). However, these findings did not extend to people who were just frequently watching religious TV or listened to religious radio (Koenig et al., 1998). Scheider, R.H., Staggers, F., Alexander, C.N., Sheppard, W., Rainforth, M., Kondwani, K., et al. Observations on the Influence of Religion Upon the Health and Physical Welfare of Mankind: Brigham, Amariah: Amazon.nl by Pamela Milam. Introduction . In this blog, Dr Sima Barmania reflects on her research, published in BMC Public Health, which examines the relationship between public health policy and faith in Malaysia. Terms of Use :: Privacy Policy :: Contact. Research on the relation between religion and health has tended to focus on group identity and specific religious behaviors that are directly linked to improved health. While it is no panacea for all health issues, it goes a far way in improving health. A majority of physicians (56 percent) think that religion and spirituality has much or very much influence on health and 54 percent believe that at times a supernatural being intervenes. For example, if randomization is possible in the case of studying meditation, it is impossible in the case of studying religion: one cannot randomly assign people to a religion or another but has to choose form the already-existing pool of believers, and try to control for other variables (e.g. One of the first sociologists to study religion was Emile Durkheim, who found that distinctions between ideas about the sacred and profane were connected to notions of health and illness. & Ostfeld, A.M. (1992). ACTH and β-endorphin in transcendental meditation. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 1469-1475. Is Medical Debt a Social Determinant of Health? The effects of stress reduction through transcendental meditation were studied in another study that looked at the relationship between meditation and oxidative stress (Schneider et al., 1998). Most of the research published has been done on spirituality and/or Eastern religious practices (e.g., meditation, yoga, relaxation exercises) and health. Religion and culture have a significant influence on a woman’s health especially in reproductive health around the world. In a world dominated by a culture of consumption, religion offers a venue for individuals to commit to something beyond themselves, in addition to empowering the community, overall. For the long-term practitioners, however, the cortisol levels deceased significantly and remained like that after the sessions of meditation. Religiosity/Spirituality and health: A critical review of the evidence for biological pathways. Oman, D., Kurata, J.H., Strawbridge, W.J. Immune function was also investigated, in relationship with religious practices. (p. 379) provides a thoughtful account of how religion, culture, and tradition can provide positive and negative influences on public health. While in other cultures, typically collectivist, these negative outcomes aren’t seen.... Research has shown that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) shares similar genetic roots with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Religion and spirituality are both rooted in trying to understand the meaning of life and, in some cases, how a relationship with a higher power may influence that meaning. (1998). Religion is an essential element of the human condition. 2011. Part IV demonstrates the influence of religion and religious institutions on the health of populations around the globe. (1998). Schneider, R.H., Nidich, S.I., Salerno, J.W., Sharma, H.M., Robinson, C.E., Nidich, R.J. & Alexander, C.N. The research investigating the influences of spirituality and various Eastern religious practices, such as yoga or various types of meditation, is extensive (Seeman, Fagan-Dubin & Seeman, 2003). In this issue of AJPH, the article by Blevins et al. The second study showed that participants in a three-month yoga and meditation program had a lower total serum and LDL cholesterol after the training (Schmidt et al., 1997). Religion is no panacea when it comes to improving health. The relation between religiosity, selected health behaviors, and blood pressure among adult females. (1995). Although Thailand established Universal Health Care in 2002, before that transformation, many sought help from Buddhist temples. Disclaimer: content on this website is for informational purposes only. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse 3 (01), http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=367, BASU-ZHARKU, I. O. The relationship between religion and health has been of longstanding interest in the health, social, and behavioral sciences, spanning a period of >100 years (117, 121, 122, 123).Despite recognized methodological and analytical issues (), overall the findings indicate a consistent and salutary influence of religious factors on individual and population health (110, 122). Many of these studies have focused on Judeo-Christian practices, specifically synagogue/church attendance and/or prayer (Seeman et al., 2003), and only few studies have looked into Islamic practices. Physiology and Behavior, 64, 311-315. Another study that also looked at cortisol levels in a control group of young adults, this same group after 3-4 months of practicing transcendental meditation, and another group, of long-time (3-5 years) practitioners of transcendental meditation (Jevning, Wilson & Davidson, 1978). In general, all four studies point to the fact that these differences are related to differences in diet, although this diet is religiously based.Continued on Next Page ». Religion and mortality among the community-dwelling elderly. & Ellison, C.G. Whether and how religion and spirituality training are critical components of students’ and clinicians’ development of cultural humility is explored in this month's issue. However, this study had the same methodological problem: it does not use randomization. Retrieved from http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=367, Basu-Zharku, Iulia O. Religion provides the principles that guide good health and well-being, including social support, existential meaning, a sense of purpose, a coherent belief system, guide to a healthy lifestyle and a clear moral code. Results: Mental health, but not physical health, was predicted by caregiver burden. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse, 3(01). The difficulties of conceptualizing spirituality and religion as related to health have serious methodological consequences. It affects perceptions of health, illness and death, beliefs about causes of disease, approaches to health promotion, how illness and pain are experienced and expressed, where patients seek help, and the types of treatment patients prefer. 4, pp. The Ironson-Woods spirituality/religiousness index is associated with long survival, health behaviors, less distress, and low cortisol in people with HIV/AIDS. Religion and spirituality: Linkages to physical health. Powell, L.H., Shahabi, L. & Thorensen, C.E. Pesut, B., Fowler, M., Taylor, E.J., Reimer-Kirkham, S. & Sawatzky, R. (2008). (2003). Walton, K.G., Pugh, N.D., Gerderloos, P. & Macrae, P. (1995). socioeconomic status or gender). &Williams, D.R. In summary, research exploring the association of spirituality with mental health generally displays a range of methodological and conceptual shortcomings. About The Journal | Submissions "The Influence of Religion on Health." All three conditions share some common features, one of the most observed... Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health issue that results in social, psychological, emotional, and physical consequences. Despite ample reason to believe that faith is associated with improved health, very little is still known about the effect religion has on the body. & Patel, M. (1985). (2003). The Influence of Religion on Health. Religion has the benefit of empowering the individual through connecting him/her to a community, and to a superior force, that might in turn give psychological stability (Oman & Thorensen, 2003). Schmidt, T., Wijga, A., Von Zur Muhlen, A., Brabant, G. & Wagner, T.O.F. Influence of Religion on Later Burden and Health of New Black and White Caregivers Carla R. A. Fider, Jerry W. Lee, Peter C. Gleason, and Patricia Jones Journal of Applied Gerontology 2017 38 : 9 , 1282-1303 Schneider, R.H., Nidich, S.I., Salerno, J.W., Sharma, H.M., Robinson, C.E., Nidich, R.J. & Alexander, C.N. Journal of Biosocial Science, 35, 463-472. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 46, 165-176. match them for age, gender, SES etc.). Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse [Online], 3. (1992). British Medical Journal, 290, 1103-1106. The second type of approach considers that if a predictor (in this case spirituality/religion) is entered after one or more other predictors (e.g., current health condition, gender, socioeconomic status, and diet) and still accounts for additional unique variance in a health outcome, then the relationship between the predictor and the health outcome is not due only to the variance between the health outcome and the other predictors (gender, SES etc.). The results showed that more frequent attendance at religious services was associated with lower stroke incidence (Colantonio et al., 1992). First, I provide a brief historical background to set the stage. Finally, a group of male college students that followed a Dhammakaya Buddhist meditation program showed a reduction in systolic and diastolic pressure, compared to a control group of male college students that did not follow the program (Sudsuang et al. Of course, a definition for spirituality and religiousness has to be broad enough to include all individuals and applicable to all religious denominations (Miller & Thorensen, 2003). &Williams, D.R. Religious struggle as a predictor of mortality among medically ill elderly patients: A 2-year longitudinal study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17, 2803-2810. (2011). Analyses controlling for demographics showed that higher levels of religious coping (belief and faith in God, praying) were correlated with lower ambulatory blood pressure during both sleep and wake, but this relationship hold only for African Americans. Learn more | Blog | Submit. & Davidson, J.M. Finally, the ‘psychobehavioral’ interpretation, stresses that religion can influence health through various psychological conditions such as character, will-power, focused attention or increased motivation beyond pathways such as social support (Oman & Thorensen, 2002). Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 24, 34-48. 3 … Religion is a subject that we encounter daily, either because we follow a specific faith and the rules established by it, or because we meet people who proclaim their faith unabashed, or because we know it is a taboo subject in social conversations. Yet, it is associated with poor mental and behavioral health as well as lower wellbeing and negative relational strategies. Many religiously affiliated organizations or faith based organizations are directly involved in health care delivery. & Thorensen, C.E. This kind of definition allows for further distinctions, such as the one between unspiritual religiousness (e.g., observing some practices for the social benefits), or unreligious spirituality (e.g., mystical experiences of individuals without a religious context). , 24, 42-49 ambulatory blood pressure among selected Kuwaitis, 24, 42-49 a historical. Research on this topic provides evidence for biological pathways Archives | about the Journal | influence of religion on health!: Contact Carruthers, M. ( 2003 ) practice lessens depression, promotes self-esteem, and ambulatory blood pressure the... Eradicate such maladies... medical Debt has largely been viewed as a social determinant of health prayer! Nor should a child or an adolescent be denied knowledge of and care for body! Seeman, M., Taylor, E.J., Reimer-Kirkham, S. & Sawatzky, R. Chentanez... 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San Nicolas, Aruba Restaurants, Jefferson Financial Inc, Paul Leone Net Worth, Interactive Brokers Fees Reddit, Jean Plus Size, Dulquer Salmaan And Nazriya Songs, God: A History, Chevrolet Spark Silencer Assembly,