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[52] At the election, held on 25 November, National lost three seats and it dropped 7.9 percentage points in the vote. In 1984, he was only the second Prime Minister (after Sir Keith Holyoake) to receive a knighthood while still in office. [63] The loss of the by-election provided the catalyst for growing opposition within the National Party to Muldoon's leadership.[64]. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sir Robert David Muldoon GCMG CH PC was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand, from 1975 to 1984, while Leader of the National Party. He lived through the Fourth Labour Government's neo-liberal reforms, known as Rogernomics, and to his horror – to see his own man, Bolger, take up the same baton after winning the landslide election of 1990 in the form of "Ruthanasia", named after Finance Minister Ruth Richardson. [86] However, Waring said that she would not have denied Muldoon confidence or supply. Find Robert Muldoon for free! [68] The Federation of Labour's President Jim Knox, who Muldoon did not get along with, refused to co-operate. [77] Against this he offered a "sweetener" of a tax cut which cost the New Zealand treasury approximately a billion New Zealand dollars. [98] A by-election was held in February 1992, and was won by National's Clem Simich on a reduced majority. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Prime minister, the head of government in a country with a parliamentary or semipresidential political system. [7], In 1951 Muldoon married Thea Dale Flyger, who he had met through the Junior Nationals. More than 150,000 people took part in over 200 demonstrations in 28 centres, and 1500 were charged with offences stemming from these protests. We see the Falklands as British territory and the Falklands Islanders as subjects of our Queen. Kirk was replaced as Prime Minister by Bill Rowling shortly afterwards. Muldoon himself seemed to relish his controversial public profile. Corrections? His biographer, Barry Gustafson, who described himself as not a Muldoon supporter, wrote that he still served as an active MP for his Tamaki electorate, dealing immediately with matters from all walks of life. As a result Muldoon was facing criticism from the opposition as well as within his own Game warden Robert Muldoon, portrayed by actor Bob Peck, uses a folding stock variant of … [69] In response, Muldoon introduced his Think Big strategy, in which the government borrowed heavily to invest in large-scale industrial projects, predominantly energy-related. [6][19] While holding this office, he took responsibility for the successful introduction of decimal currency into New Zealand. [6], Muldoon displayed a flair for debate and a diligence in his backbench work. [45] At the time, Pacific Islanders comprised only one third of the overstayers (who were primarily from the United Kingdom, Australia, and South Africa), but made up 86% of those arrested and prosecuted for overstaying. [59], As Prime Minister, he accepted both the American and Chinese views that the Soviet Union was an aggressive power with hegemonic ambitions in the South Pacific. His refusal to stop a Springbok rugby tour of New Zealand divided the country and led to unprecedented civil disorder in 1981. He was fifty during the Jurassic Park incident and wore khakis. [71] The Clyde dam, which generated electricity to be used to manufacture aluminum for export, was typical of Muldoon's efforts to shelter New Zealand from the troubles of the rest of the world. [78] Ultimately the Wage and Price Freeze, which had been intended only to last for a year, remained in force for nearly two years and was repealed by the incoming Labour Government. Patrick Muldoon is an actor and musician. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [47] Ironically, the subsequent 1977 by-election was won by David Lange, and the attention that this got him helped propel him to the leadership of the Labour Party and his landslide victory over Muldoon in the 1984 election. He argued that his refusal to ban the Springboks was anti-authoritarian, leaving it up to individual consciences whether to play sports with representatives of apartheid. [30], Robert Muldoon continued his Labour predecessor Prime Minister Norman Kirk's policy of arresting and deporting Pacific Islander overstayers which had begun in 1974. [40] The economic crisis of the early 1970s led to increased crime, unemployment and other social ailments, which disproportionately affected the Pacific Islander community. [83] A journalist commented that a one-month election campaign would not give Muldoon much time to which Muldoon replied, audibly slurring his words, "It doesn't give my opponents much time to run up to an election, does it?". Muldoon continued to undermine McLay until 1986, when McLay was ousted in turn by his own deputy (and Muldoon's preferred candidate), Jim Bolger, who had served as Minister of Labour for the latter half of Muldoon's term as Prime Minister. During this time Muldoon came under the strong formative influence of his fiercely intelligent, iron-willed maternal grandmother Jerusha, a committed socialist. He was an acting professional, known for The Escapades of Terry Teo (1985) as well as the Fri Frights (1989). Muldoon's government inherited a number of economic and social challenges. Robert Muldoon and his wife on election night, 1984 (Alexander Turnbull Library, EP/1984/3057/12-F) He hoped to catch the opposition Labour Party under-prepared, but the gamble backfired and National suffered a heavy defeat. However, he continued to openly agitate against McLay, refusing to withdraw into an "elder statesman" role as McLay wanted. In 1960, an electoral swing brought Keith Holyoake back to power as Prime Minister of the Second National Government. In Western Christianity, this event is The aim of total free trade between the two countries was achieved in 1990, five years ahead of schedule. In various speeches and press releases, he would accuse the SUP and other Communist groups of instigating strikes and organising protests against US naval visits and New Zealand's sporting contacts with South Africa. The military rulers of Argentina must not be appeased. [73] The advisability of the Think Big projects remains controversial. Found it ''. 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